Some of the best successes have been around in treating gastroenterology's I illnesses, Hachem says: inflammatory bowel disease , irritable bowel syndrome , and hard-to-treat infections. We have shown some great success with probiotics in controlling illnesses that have been typically quite difficult to treat with traditional antibiotics, like refractory c.dificile and pouchitis . But many people are thinking about probiotics' potential beyond treating these specific ailments, which leads to queries about the safety and effectiveness of probiotics for general good health and disease prevention.John D. Piette, Ph.D., from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and colleagues surveyed 660 chronically ill adults nationwide who had reported underusing medication the entire year before because of cost. Of those surveyed, 16 % were nonwhite, 64 % had for the most part a high school education, and thirty % experienced an annual household income of $20,000 or much less. Of those surveyed, two thirds under no circumstances informed a clinician beforehand that they intended to underuse their medicine due to cost, and 35 % of respondents under no circumstances discussed the subject at all. Of respondents who didn’t tell a clinician, 66 % reported that that they had not been asked about their ability to purchase prescriptions.